There are four different types of JDBC driver.
Type 1 : JDBC-ODBC BRIDGE DRIVER
The JDBC Type 1 driver converts JDBC method calls into ODBC function calls. The bridge is usually used when there is no pure-Java driver available for a particular database. The driver is implemented in the sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver class and comes with the Java 2 SDK, Standard Edition.
Type 2 : NATIVE-API DRIVER
The Native API driver uses the client-side libraries of the database. The driver converts JDBC method calls into native calls of the database API. It is not written entirely in java.
Type 3 : NET-PROTOCOL DRIVER
The Net-Protocol driver uses middleware (application server) that converts JDBC calls directly or indirectly into the vendor-specific database protocol. It is fully written in java.
Type 4 : NATIVE-PROTOCOL DRIVER
The Native-protocol driver converts JDBC calls directly into the vendor-specific database protocol. It is fully written in Java language and installed inside the Java Virtual Machine of the client.
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